There are three basic types of termites in the United States. Termites can destroy a home as they eat their way through the wood inside of it. The type of termites you need to worry about may be based on the area of the country that you live. Here are the three basic types found in the United States.
The Eastern subterranean termites are termites that are found primarily underground in the Eastern part of the United States, According to “Eastern Subterranean Termites,” these termites will make their nests outside underground. They will tunnel from their nests to the food source or into your house. When crawling up your foundation to the wood in your home, they will create mud tubes to protect themselves. They will only eat spring wood or along the grain. As the food runs out the entire colony may move onto another area and build a new nest. Other types of subterranean termites can be found throughout the United States.
Dampwood termites are commonly found along the Pacific coast, but they are also found throughout the United States. They can also cause problems in the southwest deserts and in Florida. The dampwood termites tend to make their homes in damp and decaying wood that can be found on the ground. They tend to eat across the grain and the wood looks neat and clean after they have eaten it. They need damp wood to thrive and so addressing leaks and plumbing issues can help you avoid issues with this type of termite.
Drywood termites do not live in the soil. They will make their nests directly in the wood. They do not need damp wood to make their homes. Drywood nests are often found in the attics of homes. The main way people identify them is by noticing the fecal pellets which are about a 1 millimeter in length and hexagonal in shape. These termites can be found throughout the United States. Since these termites live in dry wood, it can be more difficult to find an infestation, unless you are regularly check your attic and other areas where they may make their home.
The best way to protect yourself from termites is to schedule annual inspections. An exterminator can quickly identify the different signs of termites and especially for the ones that are common where you are living. Termites are a very common issue for most homeowners, but if you treat for them and repair any damages that they cause, your home value should stay the same.