Diseases that Rodents Carry

ratsThere are many issues that rodents can cause when they invade your home. They can damage your property, but according to the article Dangers of a Rodent Infestation, one of the biggest issues is the diseases that rodents can spread either through their feces or through direct contact. Here are some of the most common diseases and their symptoms.

  1. Hantavirus

Hantavirus is a deadly disease. It is found in the urine and feces that mice leave behind. People catch this disease when they inhale the dried urine. This usually happens when cleaning up after a rodent infestation which is why it is important to wear a mask and gloves when cleaning up after rodents. Symptoms include tiredness and muscle aches in the hips and backs. After the initial symptoms, the patient will have trouble breathing as their lungs fill with fluid. This has a mortality rate of nearly forty percent.

  1. Lassa Fever

Lassa fever is also spread by inhaling the dried urine and feces of mice. It can be passed from person to person. Signs of the disease include tired ness and a mild fever. However, it can become more serious and lead to hemorrhaging, vomiting and difficulty breathing. Some people will go deaf after contracting the disease. Women who contract this when pregnant have a much higher mortality rate with the disease.

  1. Plague

The plague can be spread through a flea that is infected or from direct contact with the infected animal. Symptoms of the plague vary by the type that you contract. There may be large swelling of the lymph nodes, or the hands or feet may turn black or the patient may have trouble breathing. There are medications that can treat the disease. This is not a disease that you wait to see if it will get better, you should seek medical treatment right away.

  1. Salmonellosis

This is a common illness that is spread by rodents and other pests. This is an illness that can give you abdominal pain, fever, and diarrhea. You may also vomit. There may be blood in the diarrhea. Usually it will develop within three days of exposure and it can last up to a week.  It can lead to typhoid fever and other issues. This often resolves on its own, but it is important to make sure the patient stays hydrated while they are suffering from it.

  1. Tularemia

Tularemia is a bacterium that can be spread by handling the animals or by ingesting contaminated food or water. The disease may act differently depending on how you were exposed to it. It can cause a sore throat and swollen lymph nodes or even pneumonia with difficulty breathing and chest pains. It can also cause ulcers on your hands if you caught it by touching an animal or being bitten.

 

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